INDO-EUROPEAN RESEARCH FACILITIES FOR STUDIES ON
MARINE ECOSYSTEM AND CLIMATE IN INDIA

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Consortium

The "INDO-EUROPEAN RESEARCH FACILITIES FOR STUDIES ON MARINE ECOSYSTEM AND CLIMATE IN INDIA (INDO-MARECLIM)" project submitted to the EU INCO-LAB-India call capitalize and exploit the bilateral Indo-Norwegian cooperation built up since 1998 at the Nansen Environmental Research Centre – India (NERCI) in Cochin, Kerala and furthermore with collaborators in India, including Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Anna University, Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT), Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies (KUFOS), and TocH Institute of Science and Technology (TIST). It will facilitate and improve European Union Member States and Associated Countries co-operation with India in the research areas of marine ecosystems and climate, including the impact on the society. INDO-MARECLIM aims at analyzing and understanding some of the challenges (e.g. changes in the monsoon, sea level rise, coastal erosion, changes in primary production, fisheries and biodiversity) of the Indian Ocean and the Indian sub-continent under past, current and future global change processes. The project and cooperation will contribute to building strategic R&D partnerships between institutions in Europe and India. Infrastructure and expertise at NERCI will provide a platform for interaction with European partners, initially from the UK, France, Italy, the Netherlands and Norway and expanding the European partnership of NERCI.


The initial INDO-MARECLIM Indo-European networks of cooperation. The network will during the project implementation be expanded to include other European Member states and associated countries.

The Nansen Environmental Research Centre - India [NERCI]

NERCI (http://www.nerci.in) is an Indo-Norwegian joint venture registered in 1999 in the State of Kerala as a non-profit research company under "Article 25" (similar as a scientific foundation). NERCI receives funding from Norwegian, Indian and international public and private sources and agencies. The vision of NERCI is to improve the scientific understanding of climate change, its impact on monsoon and Indian Ocean ecosystems by using satellite remote sensing data and models; the influence of these on the coastal zone and the resulting regional and global social implications. It is also NERCIs mission to disseminate its scientific results for the benefit of society.

Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center [NERSC]

NERSC (http://www.nersc.no) is an independent non-profit research foundation affiliated with the University of Bergen. NERSC conducts research primarily funded by research councils, space agencies, and governmental agencies. Main research focus areas are: i) Climate processes, variability and change, ii) Marine and Arctic remote sensing studies, iii) ocean modelling and data assimilation and iv) socio-economic impact of global change. NERSC has participated in more than 100 EU projects (coordinated 42) and was awarded the EU Descartes laureate in 2005 for leading the project "Climate and Environmental change in the Arctic".

Plymouth Marine Laboratory [PML]- UK

PML (http://www.pml.ac.uk/ ) is an International Centre of Excellence in Marine Science & Technology and a Collaborative Centre of the UK Natural Environment Research Council. PML carries out innovative and timely fundamental, strategic and applied research in the marine environment from the uppermost reaches of estuaries to the open ocean. The research at PML is highly relevant to UK and international societal needs and has at its core the mission to contribute to the issues of global change and sustainability. It is an independent, impartial provider of scientific research in the marine environment, with a focus on understanding biodiversity and ecosystem function, which is critical to providing solutions in terms of measures of ecological sensitivity, biogeochemical cycling, pollution and health, scaling biodiversity and forecasting the role of the oceans in the Earth System. It has centres of expertise providing skills and knowledge, which are leading in their respective fields internationally, particularly in molecular science, development and application of novel technology, marine systems modelling and satellite remote sensing. In particular the following areas/elements of key expertise in marine ecosystem studies and modelling will be beneficial to the research cooperation proposed in INDO-MARECLIM.

Centro Euromediterraneo per iCambiamentiClimatici [CMCC] - Italy

Since 2006 CMCC (http://www.cmcc.it) focused part of its climate studies on the variability of the Asian and Indian summer monsoon in the framework of its participation to European projects like ENSEMBLES and of collaborations with US, Japan and within international cooperation like C20C CLIVAR. In particular, atmosphere-alone and coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation models (GCM) have been used to study the sensitivity of Asian and Indian summer monsoons to the horizontal resolution, to the Indian Ocean SSTs and to extreme atmospheric radiative forcing. Recently, CMCC has been involved in the ISO CliPAS coordinated experiments for the study of the intraseasonal variability of the Asian-Australian sector.

InstitutFrancaisRecherche Pour L´Exploitation de la Mer, France

Ifremer (http://www.ifremer.fr), through its Laboratory of Oceanography from Space (LOS) and the Center for Satellite Exploitation and Research (CERSAT), is strongly involved in the scientific algorithm development and data exploitation of the ESA's Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite mission. Ifremer thus work as one of the Expert Support Laboratory for ESA level-2 ocean salinity products. In addition, Ifremer/cersat hosts the Centre Aval de Traitement des Données SMOS (CATDS), which is the French ground segment for the SMOS Level 3 and 4 data, developed in collaboration with CNES and the CESBIO laboratory. The principal scientific objective is to make global SSS measurements over the ice-free oceans with 150 km spatial resolution, and to achieve a measurement error less than 0.2 (PSS-78, practical salinity scale of 1978]) on a 30-day time scale, taking into account all sensors and geophysical random errors and biases.

StichtingDienstLandbouwkundigOnderzoek – Alterra, The Netherlands

AAlterra (http://www.alterra.wur.nl/uk/) has been involved in India and the region mainly by different research projects. The research strategy of Alterra is to use an integrated approach to assess the vulnerability of regions to climate change and develop robust adaptation measures. Alterra is, together with socio-economic impacts of climate change, especially interested in the land-sea-atmosphere feedbacks.

Alterra is also involved in training activities, for example together with the Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU), Andhra Pradesh, India; Alterra jointly organized the course "Tools for Agricultural Water Use Assessment: An IWRM Perspective"

NERCI and NERSC have signed Memoranda of Understanding with leading Indian institutions in the field of climate and marine ecosystem research. These existing and active MoUs are focused on research and higher educational cooperation within the scientific focus areas of INDO-MARECLIM. They are involved in regular monitoring and research related to the selected scientific foci of INDO-MARECLIM. With extensive facilities for data collection either from satellites or in situ, their scientific studies form the base of most of our knowledge on Indian marine ecosystem, monsoon and related socio-economic issues. The European partners match and are complementary to the Indian affiliates with respect to the technical activities, experience and obligations. The partners and potential new project partners are research or educational institutions, including governmental institutes, Universities, private non-profit research foundation and non-profit Indian SMEs.

Third party Indian research institutions that have signed MoUs with NERCI and NERSC in order to develop scientific and educational research cooperation addressed in INDO-MARECLIM

No

Institution Name

State

Short name

URL

1

School of Marine Sciences, Cochin University of Science and Technology

Kerala- India

CUSAT

http://www.cusat.ac.in/

2

Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services

Andhra Pradesh-India

INCOIS

www.incois.gov.in

3

Institute of Remote Sensing-Anna University

Chennai-India

IRS-AU

http://www.annauniv.edu/
RemoteSensing/index.html

4

Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies

Kerala-India

KUFOS

http://www.kufos.ac.in/

5

TocH institute of Science and Technology

Kerala-India

TIST

http://www.tistcochin.edu.in